The VEIN Handbook
A Layman's Version of Venous Disorders
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Chapter 1: Normal Venous Circulation
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The VEIN Handbook
A Layman's Version of Venous Disorders

Index

Chapter 1:  Normal Venous Circulation
  "  Vein Anatomy
  "  Venous Return
  "  Components of Venous Circulation
  "  Peripheral Muscle Pump Mechanism
     "   Calf Pump
     "  Thigh and Foot Contributions to the Venous Pump
  "  Compensations 
  "  Frequently Asked Questions

Chapter 2:  Acute Deep Venous Thrombosis and Its Complications
  "  What is Acute Deep Venous Thrombosis?
  "  Risk Factors
  "  Complications of DVT
     "  Pulmonary Embolism
     "  Post-Thrombotic Syndrome
  "  Determinants of Post-Thrombotic Syndrome 
  "  Frequently Asked Questions

Chapter 3:  Hypercoagulable States in Venous Disease
  "  Normal Hemostatic Mechanisms
  "  Fibrinolysis and Anticoagulant Pathways
  "  Hypercoagulable States
     "  Protein C Deficiency
     "  Protein S Deficiency
     "  Antithrombin III Deficiency
     "  Prothrombin Defects
     "  Fibrinolytic System Defects
     "  Heparin-induced Thrombocytopenia
     "  Antiphospholipid Antibodies
     "  Activated Protein C Resistance
     "  Hyperhomocysteinemia
  "  Frequently Asked Questions

Chapter 4:  Medical Treatment of Acute Deep Venous Thrombosis
  "  Treatment Objectives
  "  Heparin Therapy
     "  Complications
     "  Low Molecular Weight Heparin
  "  Oral Anticoagulant Therapy
     "  Monitoring
  "  Long-term Treatment of Venous Thromboembolism
     "  Duration of Oral Anticoagulant Therapy in Patients After a First DVT Episode
     "  Duration of Oral Anticoagulant Therapy in Patients with Recurrent DVT
     "  Adverse Effects of Oral Anticoagulants
     "  Treatment of Patients on Long-term Anticoagulants Who Require Surgery
     "  Upper Extremity DVT and Superficial Venous Thrombophlebitis
  "  Frequently Asked Questions

Chapter 5:   Catheter-directed Thrombolysis for Acute Deep Venous Thrombosis
  "  What is Thrombolysis?
    Treating Stenosis
  "  Complications of Thrombolysis
  "  Thrombectomy and Anticoagulation
  "  Conclusion
  "  Frequently Asked Questions

Chapter 6:  Surgery for Acute Iliofemoral Deep Venous Thrombosis
  "  Treatment Objectives
  "  What Happens in Thrombectomy
     "  Special Circumstances
  "  Complications
     "  Pulmonary Embolism
     "  Early Re-thrombosis
  "  Follow-up
  "  Frequently Asked Questions

Chapter 7: Superficial Venous Thrombophlebitis
    Superficial Venous Thrombophlebitis
  "  Causes of SVT
     "  Trauma
     "  Suppurative (Pus-producing) Thrombopyhlebitis
     "  Migratory Thrombophlebitis
     "  Lesser Saphenous Vein Thrombophlebitis
     "  Varicose Veins
  "  Diagnosis
  "  Treatment
  "  Frequently Asked Questions

Chapter 8: Treatment of Acute Axillary-Subclavian Venous Thrombosis
  "  Diagnosis
  "  Testing
  "  Treatment
     "  Anticoagulation
     "  Thrombolysis
     "  Treatment of Vein Narrowing from Within the Vein
     "  Surgery for Vein Compression
  "  Frequently Asked Questions

Chapter 9:  Pulmonary Embolism
  "  What is Pulmonary Embolism?
  "  Symptoms and Signs
  "  Diagnostic Testing
  "  More on Diagnostic Testing
  "  Treatment
  "  Frequently Asked Questions

Chapter 10:  Prevention of Deep Venous Thrombosis
  "  Risk Factors for Venous Thromboembolism
  "  Preventive Methods and Regimens
     "  Nonpharmacologic Prevention
     "  Pharmacologic Prevention
  "  Specific Recommendations
     "  General Surgery
     "  Vascular Surgery
     "  Other Types of Surgery
  "  Frequently Asked Questions

Chapter 11:  Indications and Techniques of Inferior Vena Cava Interruption
  "  What is Vena Cava Interruption?
  "  Filter Placement Procedure
  "  Common Indications for Inferior Vena Cava Interruption
  "  Patient Follow-up
  "  Frequently Asked Questions

Chapter 12:  Sclerotherapy
  "  What is Sclerotherapy?
  "  Diagnosis
  "  Indications for Sclerotherapy
  "  Contraindications for Sclerotherapy
  "  Treatment
  "  Compression
  "  Complications
  "  Frequently Asked Questions

Chapter 13:  Complications of Sclerotherapy
  "  Hyperpigmentation
  "  Telangiectatic Matting
  "  Cutaneous Necrosis
  "  Allergic Reaction
  "  Superficial Thrombophlebitis
  "  Injection into an Artery
  "  Deep Venous Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism
  "  Frequently Asked Questions

Chapter 14:  Surgery for Varicose Veins
  "  What are Varicose Veins?
  "  Causes of Varicose Veins
  "  Indications for Treatment
  "  Options in Treatment
  "  Results of Intervention
  "  Recurrent Varicose Veins
  "  Frequently Asked Questions

Chapter 15:  Compression Treatment for Chronic Venous Insufficiency
  "  What is Chronic Venous Insufficiency?
  "  Elastic Compression Stockings
  "  Treatment Plan
  "  Paste Gauze Boots
  "  Other Forms of Compression
  "  Adjunctive Compression Devices
  "  Frequently Asked Questions

Chapter 16:  Surgical Repair of Incompetent Venous Valves
  "  What are Incompetent Venous Valves?
  "  Causes
  "  Diagnosis
  "  Treatment
  "  Frequently Asked Questions

Chapter 17:  Venous Valve Transplantation and Vein Segment Transfer for Valvular Incompetence of Deep Veins
  "  Indications for Deep Venous Reconstruction
  "  Contraindications for Deep Venous Reconstruction
  "  Diagnosis
  "  Treatment
  "  Results
  "  Frequently Asked Questions

Chapter 18:  Endovascular Reconstruction for Chronic Iliac Vein and Inferior Vena Cava Obstruction
  "  Techniques of Endovascular Reconstruction
     "  Thrombolysis and Balloon Angioplasty
     "  Metallic Stents
     "  Anticoagulation
  "  Chronic Iliac Vein Thrombosis
     "  May-Thurner Syndrome
     "  Complications
  "  Inferior Vena Caval Occlusion
     "  Cause and Manifestations
     "  Treatment
  "  Frequently Asked Questions

Chapter 19:  Subfascial Endoscopic Perforating Vein Surgery
  "  What are Incompetent Perforating Veins?
  "  Indications for Perforator Interruption
  "  Contraindications and Relative Contraindications to SEPS
  "  Preoperative Evaluation
  "  Surgery
  "  Results
  "  Frequently Asked Questions

Chapter 20:  Lymphedema
  "  The Lymphatic System
  "  Fundamental Causes of Lymphedema
  "  Symptoms and Course
  "  Diagnostic Aids
    Frequently Asked Questions

Chapter 21:  Treatment of Lymphedema
  "  Why Treat Lymphedema?
  "  Step 1:  Get a proper diagnosis
  "  Step 2:  Decide whether to have treatment
  "  Step 3:  Choose goals of treatment
  "  Step 4:  Reduce the swelling
  "  Step 5:  Prevent fluid re-accumulation
  "  Step 6:  Maintain with diet, medications, and follow-up
  "  Counseling
  "  Frequently Asked Questions

Next: Normal Venous Circulation

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